The Journal editors have given the final approval to the press for the third issue of Volume 84, which will be available in early August.
Paul M. Pressly contributes “The Many Worlds of Titus: Marronage, Freedom, and the Entangled Borders of Lowcountry Georgia and Spanish Florida.” Using the remarkable story of Titus, who escaped several times from his late-eighteenth-century Lowcountry Georgia enslavers to become a maroon in Georgia and Spanish Florida, Pressly shows how marronage should be understood “as part of a sustained struggle for dominance in the Southeast among Native Americans, African Americans, Spanish colonists, British adventurers, and U.S. settlers.” The intensely local and personal stories of individuals’ marronage had national, imperial, and transnational implications in this fluid borderland, as Pressly traces the distinct movements of peoples between 1776 and 1816 across and around the region between the Georgia Sea Islands and St. Augustine and beyond. Dr. Pressly is an independent scholar in Savannah.
In “Running Away from Drapetomania: Samuel A. Cartwright, Medicine, and Race in the Antebellum South,” Christopher D. E. Willoughby examines the biography and writings of Dr. Samuel A. Cartwright, a New Orleans physician perhaps most notorious for his identification of supposed slave “diseases,” such as running away, rascality, and indifference to punishment. Rather than positioning Cartwright as exceptional in the history of American medicine, Willoughby’s “reexamination of Cartwright and his reception outside the South uncovers the extent to which racial medicine had become a part of a broader medical discourse in the United States and the Atlantic world.” Dr. Willoughby is a postdoctoral fellow at the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture at the New York Public Library.
Jon N. Hale investigates the importance of the high school experience to the civil rights movement, in “Future Foot Soldiers or Budding Criminals?: The Dynamics of High School Student Activism in the Southern Black Freedom Struggle.” Black high schools “emerged as prominent sites of political socialization and intellectual pillars of the movement,” Hale argues. Although the older generation hoped to keep youth sheltered from the freedom struggle, their education inspired and often compelled young people to activism. In leading walkouts, sit-ins, and other direct-action protests, high school students often pushed ahead of their elders strategically and tactically, achieving successes and expanding the scope of the movement. Yet, as Hale concludes, “the strong-arm reaction of elected and school officials [against student protest] shaped the criminalization of black youth that continues to the present day.”
Finally, in “Lobbying for Welfare in a Deep South State Legislature in the 1970s,” LeeAnn B. Lands examines the work of Frances Freeborn Pauley and the Georgia Poverty Rights Organization (GPRO), as it turned to professional lobbying of the Georgia General Assembly in behalf of the state’s antipoverty and welfare rights movements in the mid-1970s. Even as southern Democrats led the erection of the so-called workfare state at the federal level, rolling back means-tested entitlement programs, by the mid-1970s, Lands argues, “local campaigns responded to new political circumstances, reset expectations, and worked strategically to protect and expand means-tested programs.” With specific policy items on its agenda, the GPRO “augmented direct-action strategies used in the early welfare rights movement.” Although “the work of the GPRO directly benefited Georgia’s poor,” Lands concludes, “it also exposed and exacerbated ideological fissures within the southern Democratic ranks,” and thus it had an effect on the realignment of the political parties in the South as well as on the national Democratic Party’s embrace of work-based entitlement programs in the 1990s. Dr. Lands is a professor of history at Kennesaw State University.Tweet